Sustainable Land Management Programme(SLMP)

The continuation of Ethiopia’s determination pertaining to the reduction of land degradation, and the willingness of the bilateral and multilateral development partners. SLMP has two broad Objectives: Development and Global Environment Objectives to reduce land degradation and improve land productivity in selected watersheds in targeted regions in Ethiopia. The objective would be achieved through the provision of capital investments, technical assistance and capacity building for small holder farmers in the watersheds and government institutions at national and sub-national levels.


SLMP-2 has four components:

  • Integrated Watershed and Landscape Management;
  • Institutional Strengthening, Capacity Development and Knowledge Generation and Management;
  • Rural Land Administration, Certification and Land Use; and
  • SLMP Management.

Component 1: Integrated Watershed and Landscape Management

This component has two sub-components, namely: (1) Sustainable Natural Resource Management in Public and Communal Lands, and (2) Homestead and Farmland Development, Livelihood Improvements and Climate Smart Agriculture. The objective of this component is to support scaling up and adoption of appropriate sustainable land and water management technologies and practices by smallholder farmers and communities in the selected watersheds/woredas.

Component 2: Develop capacity (knowledge, experience, skill and institutional set up)  Under this Component we have 3 sub-components:1. Improvement of Natural Resources Management Policy Framework Implementation Process and Procedures 2. Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Development and 3. Knowledge Generation and Management.

Component 3: Rural Land Administration and Certification, and Local Level Participatory Land Use Planning.

This Components also has two subcomponents: 1. Rural Land Administration and Certification 2. Local Level Participatory Land Use Planning.


In Addition to the existing SLMP, with the name Resilient Landscapes and Livelihoods Project was currently designed and Started implementation with the objectives to improve climate resilience, land productivity and carbon storage, and increase access to diversified livelihood activities in selected rural watersheds.

This project is also comprised of four components: (1) Green infrastructure and resilient livelihoods component will support the restoration of degraded landscapes in selected watersheds and help build resilient livelihoods on this newly productive foundation. (2) Investing in institutions and information for resilience component will build capacity for the promotion and management of SLWM practices, and improve information for better decision-making in supporting resilient landscapes and diversified rural livelihoods in the project area. (3) Rural land administration and use component will strengthen the rural land administration system that secures tenure rights, optimizes land use, and empowers land-users to sustainably invest in productive landscapes. (4) Project management and reporting component will work to ensure effective implementation and reporting on project activities with due diligence and integrity. It will also finance the operational cost of the project coordination units in the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Resource and Regional State Bureaus of Agriculture and Natural Resources.


The RLLP aims to create resilience to the treated landscape and improve the productivity and livelihoods through the provision of capital investments, technical assistance and capacity building at national, regional, Woreda, kebele and community levels.